Taliban Agreement Reached
After nearly two decades of war and several stalled peace talks, the United States, the Afghan government and others are eager to continue their efforts to negotiate peace in Afghanistan. However, peace is not guaranteed and many challenges remain, including the implementation of US agreements with the Taliban and the Afghan government, the revival of viable internal talks, and the resolution of internal systemic challenges in Afghanistan. The U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan warned that a peace deal could risk the Taliban regaining power, much like after the 1973 Paris Peace Agreement, which defeated the U.S.-backed South Vietnamese government in the case of Saigon.   Pakistan has warned that rising tensions in the Gulf region following the assassination of Iranian General Qasem Soleimani could affect the already delayed US-Afghanistan peace process.  China. Beijing`s interests in Afghanistan are primarily economic, as it hopes to integrate it into the Belt and Road Initiative, a collection of development and investment projects. China is the country`s largest source of foreign investment and wants to exploit Afghanistan`s immense natural resources. In addition, Beijing fears that terrorists will use Afghanistan to establish ties inside China. In late 2019, Afghan and Taliban officials attended a conference in Beijing and Chinese leaders backed an agreement between the United States and the Taliban. The Taliban spokesman confirmed the deal on Twitter.  At a london conference in January 2010, Karzai reaffirmed his intention to address the Taliban to lay down his arms.  US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton cautiously supported the proposal.
 In the United States Institute of Peace, in May 2010, Karzai stated that a “peace process” with the Taliban and other militants “not part of al-Qaeda or other terrorist networks or ideologically against us.” .