Singapore Paris Agreement Pledge
As part of its 2015 commitment, Singapore said it would become greener economically and reduce the amount of greenhouse gases emitted to reach every dollar of gross domestic product by 36 percent from 2005, 2030 levels. That is why the Paris Agreement provides that countries keep their commitments up to date every five years on the basis of the latest technologies and science. Singapore ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 1997, acceded to the Kyoto Protocol in 2006 and also ratified amendments to the second commitment period (2012-2020) of the Kyoto Protocol in 2014. At the 21st UNFCCC Conference of the Parties (COP-21) in Paris on 12 December 2015, countries adopted the Paris Agreement, a universal and legally binding agreement to combat climate change after 2020. Singapore ratified the Paris Agreement on September 21, 2016 in New York, in addition to 30 other countries. The Paris Agreement came into force on November 4, 2016, 30 days after exceeding the ratification threshold and total emissions of more than 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions by the ratifying parties. After three years of negotiations, the parties then agreed to conclude the Paris Agreement (PAWP) work programme, which sets out the modalities, procedures and guidelines for the implementation of the Paris Agreement, at COP-24 in Katowice, Poland. We look forward to the conclusion of discussions on the highlights of the PAWP at COP-26 in Glasgow, Scotland, in 2021. At the UN climate change conference in Doha, the parties agreed on a new eight-year commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol, agreed on a fixed timetable for a universal climate agreement by 2015 and agreed on a way to increase the ambitions needed to address climate change.
They also approved the completion of new institutions and agreed on ways to provide developing countries with a reduction in climate change funding and technology. Singapore has committed to reducing our emission intensity (EI) by 36% from 2005 by 2030 and stabilizing emissions to peak in 2030. It also pledged to stop any further increases in greenhouse gas emissions on the same schedule. Finally, despite the difficult circumstances caused by the COVID 19 pandemic, Singapore insisted that our low-carbon, low-carbon (LEDS) development strategy be presented to the UNFCCC on 31 March 2020. The expanded NDC updates our 2015 promise with the absolute goal of reaching peak emissions of 65 MTCO2e (million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent) by 2030. Singapore`s LEDS builds on this improved NDC by striving to halve our emissions from its peak to 33 MTCO2e by 2050, in order to achieve net zero emissions as quickly as possible in the second half of the century. We hope that our announcement will encourage other parties to do the same, which will strengthen the dynamics of the global fight against climate change and allow us to take this opportunity to implement an inclusive and sustainable recovery of COVID-19.