Safe Third Country Agreement Meaning
Under the agreement, people claiming refugee status must apply in the first country they arrive in, between the United States or Canada, unless they are entitled to an exception. For example, refugee claimants who are citizens of a country other than the United States and who arrive from the United States at the Canada-U.S. land border can only assert their rights in Canada if they fill an exception under the Safe Third Country Agreement. People identified for a serious criminal past are prohibited from seeking refugee protection, regardless of how they enter the country. The Federal Court ruled that the United States is not a safe third country, but the decision was overturned on appeal for technical reasons (see here for more information). Concretely, the legislation requires that the review of a given country be based on the following four factors: McDonald gave the government until the end of January to prepare for the end of the agreement because it understood that it was in the public interest not to immediately denounce the agreement. Concerns were expressed about the lack of security legislation to protect refugees in the United States. These security concerns and arguments give refugees legitimate reasons to travel to Canada for a better life. . . .